# Glossary

It’s all simple math.

Possessions (Poss):
I choose to work with Dean Oliver’s technical version of the possession formula.
=0.5*((TmFGA+0.4*TmFTA-1.07*(TmOffReb/(TmOffReb+OppDefReb))*(TmFGA-TmFGM)+TmTOV)+(OppFGA+0.4*OppFTA-1.07*(OppOffReb/(OppOffReb+TmDefReb))*(OppFGA-OppFGM)+OppTOV))

Games Played (GP):
Number of games a team has played.

Wins (W):
Number of wins.

Losses (L):
Number of losses.

Pace:
Number of possessions a team generates per 40 minutes.
=40*((2*TmPoss)/(2*(TmMin/5)))

Offensive Rating (OffRtg):
Number of points a team scores per 100 possessions.
=100*TmPts/TmPoss

Defensive Rating (DefRtg):
Number of points a team allows per 100 possessions.
=100*OppPts/TmPoss

Net Rating (NetRtg):
=OffRtg-DefRtg

NDA/FGA (ND/FG):
Describes how many shots from near-distance a team takes compared to their overall number of field goal attempts.
The higher the number the more shots the team takes from inside.

MDA/FGA (MD/FG):
Describes how many mid-range shots a team takes compared to their overall number of field goal attempts.
The higher the number the more shots are long two-pointers.

3PA/FGA (3P/FG):
Describes how many three-pointers a team takes compared to their overall number of field goal attempts.

Effective Field Goal Percentage (eFG%):
Adapts for the higher value of a 3-point shot (as it gives a higher total of points).
=100*((TmFGM+0.5*Tm3PM)/TmFGA)

Offensive Rebound Percentage (OREB%):
Percentage of total own missed field goals a team grabs.
=100*(TmOffReb/(TmOffReb+OppDefReb))

Defensive Rebound Percentage (DREB%):
Percentage of total opponent missed field goals a team grabs.
=100*(TmDefReb/(TmDefReb+OppOffReb))

Total Rebound Percentage (TREB%):
Percentage of total available Rebounds a team grabs.
=100*((TmOffReb+TmDefReb)/(TmOffReb+TmDefReb+OppOffReb+OppDefReb))

Assist Percentage (AST%):
Percentage of a team’s made field goals that were assisted on.
=100*(TmAST/TmFGM)

Turnover Percentage (TOV%):
Number of Turnovers a team produces per 100 possessions.
=100*(TmTOV/TmPoss)

Free-throws per Game (FT/G):
Number of free-throws a team takes in a game on average.
=TmFTA/TmGP

Free-throw Rate (FTr):
Number of free-throws a team makes for every field goal attempt they take.
=TmFTM/TmFGA

Crunch Time:
Last five minutes of the fourth quarter or overtime when neither team leads by more than five points.
“Games Played” in the Stats table include every game such a situation has appeared for the given team, no matter how long the game was within those 5 points.